Tableau Replace Data Source For All Worksheets

Appending Worksheets from a Workbook. 1 and performed various calculations using Hiveql queries. The view on the top left. is not moved but will revert to the default values. Now open the workbook and replace the old datasource with new one. Tableau offers many different ways to connect to data and continues to make more sources available. Get enrolled with Microtek Learning for online classes. Open Tableau Desktop and connect to the Sample-Superstore saved data source. There are 2 worksheets – MetroHousing and sale price. 2014-03-07 Tableau replace data source greyed out, How to resolve it?. If I then close the viewing spreadsheet and do not open it for 1 minute and then open it again, I get the "This workbook contains one or more links that cannot be updated. 42 thoughts on " Creating a Dynamic "Parameter" with a Tableau Data Blend " Shawn Wallwork August 6, 2013 at 2:42 pm. Need to recompute your results using new data? As soon as the new workbook includes all the data necessary for recreating your visualization, it is easy to replace the data source. 3 or a newer version. 0 solution for Office XP available for download for reference (in case you are using an old version of Office). Now, how to get there? Let’s start with the source data: a set of transactions records for each employee, that you can download from here, looks like this:. Data Extract (. If you want to change the data source for all the pivot tables in a workbook, based on a named range, you can use the following code. If we see the below screenshot, it is just a regular. But to successfully upload data, it must meet certain criteria. Because our worksheets are not identical, we want Excel to sum cells that have the same labels. Forms are custom screens that provide an easy way to enter and view data in a table. You've got a workbook with lots of dashboards and hidden worksheets and you want to unhide them all. The data is joined on common dimensions. In this module, you’ll learn how to use Tableau to do with data what spies do when observing their surroundings: get an overview of the data, narrow in on certain aspects of the data that seem abnormal, and then analyze the data. Beginning with Tableau 6. Filtering data across a worksheet's secondary data source is not currently supported in Tableau Desktop. While creating a new dashboard, data pane is replaced with a list of worksheets. GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together. We can leverage this information and dig deeper into the data. Now it may be that you want to give two columns the same name (let's say this represented some kind of transformation where the labels before and after were the same), so it means that I needed to allow for an ID (to represent the source and target) and a label in the data. variables like string, date, long, currency etc. After all, I’ve also suggested that it’s best to prepare your data as much as possible before it gets to Tableau, and that data should include all of the required fields for your analysis. Replace data source – choice characterizes the fields in more than one information hotspot for connection. It’s helpful whilst presenting data, you don’t need to change between sheets. A named range, range name, or defined name all refer to the same object in Excel; it's a descriptive name — such as Jan_Sales or June_Precip — that is attached to a specific cell or range of cells in a worksheet or workbook. By selecting the Exclude bar for those data source it’s possible to examine AND repair the data. If you want to filter data across secondary data sources, consider the following alternatives: Join tables that are in the same data source, instead of blending them. As you can see, I leveraged an info button in the bottom right corner so that when you hover over it, it lists the data sources. Tableau Extensions API library: tableau-extensions-0. Navigate to a new worksheet. You can hide columns and rows in Excel to make a cleaner spreadsheet without deleting data you might need later. In some cases, you may need to make a more extensive change to the data source used by a Tableau workbook. If I use the 'Replace Datasource' -- it applies it to all worksheets using that datasource. Data Extract (. Tableau has the data source replacing feature which can replace the data source. Tableau - Replacing A Data Source Windouu Help Normal Columns Rouus Academic Year 2015 Specialization Colle„ File Data Data ['MAJORS MAJORS Dimensions Worksheet Dashboard Format Server Shouu Me Degree Type Academic Year a C] 2004 C] 2005 i MINORS MINORS TERMS DEMOGRAPHICS MULTIPLE (STUDENT. The solution to the problem is simple. Using Tableau you can do all of these things by simply arranging fields of your data source on a Tableau worksheet. Okay, once you're in a worksheet, I want you to go up to your data pane and right click and say replace data source. You may want to hide a worksheet if you are sharing the dashboard with others and don't want to clutter the workbook with all the supporting worksheets. Tableau Public is purely free of all costs and does not require any licence. This option requires you to specify what data you want to extract using filters. For example, in your workbook, you may have a Salesforce. Remember, if you have blended data sources, you must use ATTR as all values in a blended calculation will be aggregated. Tableau provides 3 different types of actions:. We need to reshape that data before we load it into Tableau, so that we can count at any point of time how many employees are active in the headcount:. Please launch Tableau, select Connect to Data, and then Microsoft Excel to open. We use the union to combine several months of sales data, and use inner. A great amount of time will be spent learning Tableau Desktop, Tableau Server and Alteryx. Will all be lost when changing a datasource from Excel to Google Sheets? on public to a Google Sheets source (so I can share the viz without the possibility of. Tableau Extensions API library: tableau-extensions-0. Why? Consolidation allows you to push more changes more rapidly. Its drag-and-drop interface makes it easy to sort, compare, and analyze data from multiple sources, including Excel, SQL Server, and cloud-based data repositories. Replacing Data Source. There's toolbar button, or look in the Data menu and select New Data Source. In Tableau 10, you can filter across multiple data sources! Let's say you're connected to multiple data sources, each with common dimensions like Date, Product, or Location. Centralized Data - Since tableau follows a centralized data concept hence we can customize tableau dashboard to view all data in a centralized form. How do I create/use a parameter?. The formatting across the sheets is uniform, only values are different. "Data Visualization for All," an open-access textbook, shows how to design interactive charts and maps for your website. Upon completion of the changes, search for any old values if any 8. If you check Create links to source data, Excel creates a link to your source data (your consolidated data will be updated if your source data changes) and creates an outline. All worksheets, dashboards, and stories that used the original data source are updated to use the new data source. You can search for data that contains an exact phrase, number, date, or simple fragment. (If you are missing rows of data and they don't show up when they are null, check out this blog post to learn how to create those missing rows). Data source files are shortcuts for quickly. The important features in this menu are as follows − New Data Source allows to view all the types of connections available and choose from it. Analysts can assign a single field connection, multiple fields, or all fields. I set up a report drawing data from a database and a couple Excel files using PowerBI desktop and published to PowerBI Online with hopes of other users being able to refresh/update the data. When creating workbooks that will have future iterations (i. Being extremely neat, reliable, greatly motivated, able to deal with complicated projects, creating high quality and timely working results. The "Target Sheets" list also shows all of the sheets in the dashboard, but these are the sheets where you want the action to take place. A red frame does not necessarily mean that there are no charts at all linking to that data range. Share Discover how to install Tableau, connect to data sources, and sort and filter your data. 42 thoughts on " Creating a Dynamic "Parameter" with a Tableau Data Blend " Shawn Wallwork August 6, 2013 at 2:42 pm. The different data sources can be used to build various sheets and dashboards in Tableau. When you add new records to the pivot table’s source data, then refresh the pivot table, you expect to see all the new data. For sharing content that does not need to be interactive, you can create a static image to view Tableau content in one of the following ways: To create a BMP on Windows or a TIFF on a Mac Worksheet > Copy > Image. Refreshing in Tableau can get a bit confusing, mainly due to the fact that there are a few different places that data can be refreshed. Here are two of the most significant: Your business needs to pull data from numerous sources. Before I write any more works, do me a favor: forget all the marketing, jargon, and Kool-Aid and think critically about the question in the title of the post. The filters can be applied in a worksheet to restrict the number of records present in a dataset.  it is not possible to get the data in the required format in tableau. A default blend is equivalent to a left outer join. Join GitHub today. In this course you’ll learn the skills needed to create, edit, and interact with basic worksheets that use previously-published data sources. File Data Worksheet Dashboard Story Tableau - Replacing A Field Reference. This feature does not affect the already built visualizations using the old data source. If you have a question, make a self post with a link to the workbook in question. Rather than create a whole data source and then connect in Tableau, you can copy and paste the data directly into the application. Carl Allchin and Jonathan Allenby set a new challenge every week that helps you learn more about self-service data preparation using Tableau Prep Builder. For the Tableau Desktop Interface (see Figure 1), we have covered the Toolbar and the Sidebar. tde file from an extract local to my laptop, maybe to share, or to experiment with. This is a short introduction to opening an existing. Graduating from first from Oglethorpe University in Atlanta, followed by Georgia Tech with my Bachelors and Masters in Civil Engineering, all of which taught me to think. ) in a Collections are read-only. Each row of data in your data source represents how many daily hours an individual plans to work on a given project including their start date and end date. Tableau use to get data. Things to Watch When Replacing Data Sources. "Data Visualization for All," an open-access textbook, shows how to design interactive charts and maps for your website. Note: When you publish a data source to Tableau Server or Tableau Online, the current workbook in Tableau Desktop will automatically connect to the published data source, and automatically close the local data source. After a bit of. However, if you have multiple data sources and multiple worksheets, global filters do not apply to all of your worksheets. Joins and blends require more processing power, and as such, more time to execute. Tableau Desktop Resolution From the dashboard, navigate to a worksheet where at least one of the actively-used data sources is the data source that should be replaced. I am pulling data for a couple brands into google sheets with zapier. Context Filters: By default, all filters that you set in Tableau are computed independently. Tableau Interview Question and Answers - Tutorials Tableau Dashboard Tableau Interview Question and Answers Tableau Interview Questions Tableau interview tips Tableau Parameters Tableau Server Tableau tutorials What are parameters and when do you use it?. Tableau Dashboard - Change data source 1. 5 (281 ratings) Course Ratings are calculated from individual students' ratings and a variety of other signals, like age of rating and reliability, to ensure that they reflect course quality fairly and accurately. You would just repeat steps 5 and 6 as many times as necessary to incorporate all the worksheets you want to be able to switch between. Extract: Extract is a snapshot of data which will be extracted from data source and put into Tableau repository. Centralized Data - Since tableau follows a centralized data concept hence we can customize tableau dashboard to view all data in a centralized form. '- You can use it with OFFSET(), but only for opened workbook data. The information and insights are pouring out of Tableau. Tableau has a great little feature that allows you to change all worksheets and dashboards in a workbook at once so that they use a different data source. Navigate to Data > Replace Data Source to replace the local data source with a published one. Is Tableau smart enough to replace the data source for all sheets if I replace the source in just one sheet? ==> yes. Tableau Extensions API library: tableau-extensions-0. Question How to replace the data source for a single sheet in a workbook. This Tableau Knowledge Base article demonstrates how to set up the filter and the data relationships. tde file extension. For more information, see Connecting to Data Sources. Help Academic Year Shouu Me Specialization Coll„ Degree Type Academic Year. Note: You must have at least one field in the view to make the Replace Data Source option available. Both data sources can be levaraged in a single Worksheet. - [Instructor] Tableau is a powerful and versatile tool for visualizing data within your business or organization. ‘Central’, ‘East’ etc. For example, you might want to verify that it is the workbook that you want the external reference to point to, or make changes to the source workbook. , but once I update a sheet by adding some new plot (but leaving worksheet structure intact) I copy such plots to other/older worksheets and remove all file references (if the ws/sheet structures are the same) or change all chart data references to the current sheet. However, filters can be changed to apply to additional individual worksheets, every worksheet that shares the data source, or new with Tableau 10, even all related data sources. Here is the The New York Times’ versions: And here is Tableau Public’s interactive version:. In this section, you will learn about Tableau's workspace controls. Today, we will examine the rest of the worksheet, focusing on all of the options and controls from the Worksheet Canvas. One problem my students run into is how to space worksheets evenly. There are a number of cases where a Tableau data blend is sufficient, we'll be demonstrating one in the next week. On a monthly basis, I change the "ALL" tab and that messes up the. If you refresh an extract, and the original data source structure has changed, Tableau will update the extract with those changes. It also allows you to replace or upgrade the existing data source. The different data sources can be used to build various sheets and dashboards in Tableau. Course Outline Getting Started Starting Excel Opening a Workbook Understanding the Display Screen Working with the Ribbon Exploring the File Tab Working with the Quick Access Toolbar Working with the Status Bar Switching Between Opened Workbooks Using Excel Help Entering Data Moving the Cell Pointer Selecting a Range of Cells Creating a New. The formatting across the sheets is uniform, only values are different. If you want to change data source for all pivot tables in a workbook, you can use a macro, instead of making the changes manually. If the new data source does not have the same field names as the original workbook, the fields become invalid and are marked with an exclamation point. This topic describes how to publish a data source to Tableau Server. 0, you can use multiple data sources for a single worksheet. Alt + Shift + Backspace: This shortcut key is used to clear all the contents from current worksheet. In the example below, the worksheet names are Line Chart, Map, and Bar Chart. Clipboard Data Sources:-Sometimes you want to pull in data from an outside source for some quick analysis. For example, you might use a local data source in creating your workbook, but need to change to a data source that's been published to Tableau Server to make it easier to share your analyses and visualizations. Being extremely neat, reliable, greatly motivated, able to deal with complicated projects, creating high quality and timely working results. Filtering data across a worksheet's secondary data source is not currently supported in Tableau Desktop. So you must "unhide sheet" before you can publish the worksheet. Microsoft Excel 2016 Level 1 – Excel 2016 Level 1 certifications can validate your skills and help build your career. A great amount of time will be spent learning Tableau Desktop, Tableau Server and Alteryx. Note: You must have at least one field in the view to make the Replace Data Source option available. Would you have to copy your data into the same spreadsheet? Well, NO! You can simply use the External Data Sources feature in your Pivot Table and Excel will magically import the data for you!. Rather than rebuild your workbook using a new data source, you can replace the data source. Performance tuning in tableau Desktop. I have a second data sheet with similar data; I want to copy all the charts to a second chart sheet, and have the charts refer to the second data sheet. The primary data source and all of the secondary data sources for this worksheet. Again, make sure the column titles are identical. InternationalAutomation. Mastering the skills you need to use Tableau effectively will let you work quickly and make great decisions. Edit the old columns names also in the entire file c. There are 2 worksheets – MetroHousing and sale price. Before I write any more works, do me a favor: forget all the marketing, jargon, and Kool-Aid and think critically about the question in the title of the post. This client realized that all he basically wanted from tableau was a chart and some basic data manipulation like sorting, filtering and grouping (count, sum, average, etc. When finished, click OK. While this new feature won't replace by trusty copy of Alteryx (for reasons that I explain later in this post) there. In some cases, the data source is needed to replace with the updated file. One of the big issues with duplicating a data set is that. Note: When you publish a data source to Tableau Server or Tableau Online, the current workbook in Tableau Desktop will automatically connect to the published data source, and automatically close the local data source. '- You can use it inside INDEX(), VLOOKUP(), MATCH() etc. Once Tableau has accessed your Google Sheet, it will list all the tabs (Tableau calls them "sheets"). •Created Projects to house Tableau Data sources and Tableau Workbooks and permission the user groups on the Projects. Today, we will examine the rest of the worksheet, focusing on all of the options and controls from the Worksheet Canvas. In this article, we will show how to create Tableau reports in the new version Tableau using the Microsoft SQL Server database as a data source. Conveniently, Tableau has an option called "Replace References" that allows you to swap one field out for another all in one shot. tde file extension. Refresh All Extracts to refresh the data form source. Then create a dashboard and drag all the sheets into it. Before I write any more works, do me a favor: forget all the marketing, jargon, and Kool-Aid and think critically about the question in the title of the post. Methods to Surface Salesforce Data in Tableau 1. The initial audit screen has five columns of information: the name of the data source, the field name from that data source, the field type (field, calculation, group, etc. What I would like to do is to disconnect the Tableau file from the online data source. The first two rows of the sheet are empty and hence we see all of these 'null' values. In Tableau Desktop's Data Source pane, row level data is displayed at the bottom of the screen, but you can't see how the data is distributed. 0 includes a built-in data prepping tool that makes reshaping survey data so it plays nicely with Tableau a much smoother experience than using the Tableau Excel add-in. Note: You must have at least one field in the view to make the Replace Data Source option available. If we would like to make a static one, we just need to export all the worksheets and use a program like Adobe Photoshop to line them all up. In the example below, the worksheet names are Line Chart, Map, and Bar Chart. Again, make sure the column titles are identical. The Import Data window. Here is the The New York Times’ versions: And here is Tableau Public’s interactive version:. After installing the JIRA add-on, we'll be able to produce a URL for Tableau to consume via the Web Data Connector source: The connector allows us to select the data we're looking to pull from JIRA upfront. For this class, we’ll use the Shopping Data spreadsheet we sent out beforehand. To fix this, make sure that the source data is in a dynamic range, that will grow and shrink automatically, when data is added or removed. 5 RC, Tableau Server 10. In this course, I'll use real world examples to demonstrate how you can apply the incredible power of Tableau to your data. Ctrl + A: This shortcut key is used to "select all data" in sheet of tableau workbook. However, this action has some limitations as calculated fields, color formatting etc. After a bit of. How to Link Tableau Sheets Posted on May 18, 2016 Today on my live Data Geek Q&A session I showed how to create custom links between sheets in Tableau so you can control the user navigation. You can search for data that contains an exact phrase, number, date, or simple fragment. You can hide fields in the data window or data source, or allow Tableau to hide all unused fields before creating the extract in the Extract Data box. Tableau Desktop Windows; Mac; Answer Use the following workaround:. Power Tools is a set of 30+ smart features that you miss most in Google Sheets. a column could be a child of a data source and a worksheet). For all of the different types of data source transformations, there are two basic steps. Then you take the same filters that you had on the two swapping sheets and put them onto the Filter shelf of the new sheet. A default blend is equivalent to a left outer join. Data Extract (. While worksheets are grouped, you can navigate to any worksheet within the group. During this class we will use an Excel spreadsheet as the data source. One of the big issues with duplicating a data set is that. In some cases, data sources need to be replaced with updated file. From a destination workbook, you can easily open the source workbook of an external reference. If you want to filter data across secondary data sources, consider the following alternatives: Join tables that are in the same data source, instead of blending them. - [Instructor] Tableau is a powerful and versatile tool for visualizing data within your business or organization. File Data Worksheet Dashboard Story Tableau - Replacing A Field Reference. Instead, all the data should be included in the Tableau file itself. The information and insights are pouring out of Tableau. Each worksheet in my Tableau workbook needs to correspond to a different query. mdb which will be used to illustrate data blending. Step 4: Choose the sheet to use as data source. Using the data preparation features. Here, you discover how to work with file-based data sources such as Excel worksheets. Hi! I am fairly new to Tableau and I am having issues with some dashboards not updating with a data refresh from an Access file. Refresh all extracts - when we update the data extract source there is a need of refreshing of data. If you refresh an extract, and the original data source structure has changed, Tableau will update the extract with those changes. It is for anyone who works with data—regardless of technical or analytical background. If all you needed to know was total hours per person, you could calculate the difference between the start and end dates and multiply that number of days by the number of hours. For more information, see Connecting to Data Sources. ‘Central’, ‘East’ etc. Here are just a few: To segment your data in new ways on the fly. What we will cover in this video. This look cool and promising Jonathan! It'll take awhile to digest. Example: Filter with Complex calculation in one worksheet can be applied to some other worksheet which using the same source data to avoid repetetive work. php(143) : runtime-created function(1) : eval()'d code(156) : runtime-created. I did this, as i have 3 charts, but just built my hidden sheet to show the data i wanted. Then you take the same filters that you had on the two swapping sheets and put them onto the Filter shelf of the new sheet. You will see a data extract with a check mark on it. All transformations will be completed in the order that they are listed from top to bottom. I usually use a couple of worksheets for kinetic data analysis etc. Due to the fact that the Excel file was on my personal computer they were unable to do so. Existing Sheet Data: Users can choose from the following: Clear - Clears all existing and residual data before writing to the spreadsheet. “Keep in mind that once you have chosen a data source there is no support to change to another data source type without rebuilding the connection which also will force you to rebuild the report and data models”. Append - Adds data after pre-existing data in the spreadsheet. In this module, you’ll learn how to use Tableau to do with data what spies do when observing their surroundings: get an overview of the data, narrow in on certain aspects of the data that seem abnormal, and then analyze the data. worksheets using the same data source, which. On a monthly basis, I change the "ALL" tab and that messes up the. Tableau Public is purely free of all costs and does not require any licence. This will replace the single data source with the new data source that duplicates all of the records and has a new field called "Column". What i'd like is the option to choose to either apply the replacement to all worksheets or to be able to select which worksheets are to be changed from the old to the new datasource. Tableau has a great little feature that allows you to change all worksheets and dashboards in a workbook at once so that they use a different data source. Today, we will examine the rest of the worksheet, focusing on all of the options and controls from the Worksheet Canvas. One data source is primary; all others are secondary. add the new data source. After turning the data into a highlight table in Tableau it might look like this:. LTRIM Function. Edit relationships – option defines the fields in more than one data source for linking. Here we discuss all the Tableau Functions built into Tableau Software. Suppose you have multiple worksheets and you need them formatted identically. The Cube Paradigm. However, by switching which data source is primary, or by filtering nulls, it is possible to emulate left, right and inner joins. In some cases, data sources need to be replaced with updated file. You also need a key to do blending. Tableau - Replacing A Data Source Windouu Help Normal Columns Rouus Academic Year 2015 Specialization Colle„ File Data Data ['MAJORS MAJORS Dimensions Worksheet Dashboard Format Server Shouu Me Degree Type Academic Year a C] 2004 C] 2005 i MINORS MINORS TERMS DEMOGRAPHICS MULTIPLE (STUDENT. What we will cover in this video. Purpose of Creating a Dashboard in Tableau Desktop. Here is the The New York Times’ versions: And here is Tableau Public’s interactive version:. After connecting, the data fields become presented in the Data window on the left side of the workbook. Now, how to get there? Let’s start with the source data: a set of transactions records for each employee, that you can download from here, looks like this:. We can leverage this information and dig deeper into the data. Filtering data across a worksheet's secondary data source is not currently supported in Tableau Desktop. Share Discover how to install Tableau, connect to data sources, and sort and filter your data. When creating workbooks that will have future iterations (i. MAJOR Replace Data Source Academic Year College. 3, we can just combine all the other sheets together, and they will be cleaned prior to the union:. This menu is used to create new data source to fetch the data for analysis and visualization. However, filters can be changed to apply to additional individual worksheets, every worksheet that shares the data source, or new with Tableau 10, even all related data sources. One data source is primary; all others are secondary. And let's go to our worksheets. Replace Ctrl + H Select All Ctrl + A Tables store related data in rows (records) and columns (fields). Context Filters: By default, all filters that you set in Tableau are computed independently. I included 'ALL' in the option while filtering in the first data, but if I select ALL in one of the variables it's not getting any data from the second data using. Right-clicking in the worksheet window exposes a menu option refresh all thumbnails-that triggers tableau to query the data source(s) used for all the worksheets and dashboards in the workbook. I like to train with this data source because it is the most common data source used in online tutorials and during Tableau’s own training. “Keep in mind that once you have chosen a data source there is no support to change to another data source type without rebuilding the connection which also will force you to rebuild the report and data models”. Connecting data sources: How to use the Data Interpreter function. To make a “global filter” apply to all of the dashboards/worksheets, follow these steps. This menu is used to create new data source to fetch the data for analysis and visualization. A blank worksheet is like a fresh canvas for an artist — it's ready to hold your next masterpiece. Figure 1: Tableau Worksheet. - [Instructor] Tableau is a powerful and versatile tool for visualizing data within your business or organization. In Tableau 10, you can filter across multiple data sources! Let's say you're connected to multiple data sources, each with common dimensions like Date, Product, or Location. Tableau has a data source replacing feature which can replace data sources. For the Tableau Desktop Interface (see Figure 1), we have covered the Toolbar and the Sidebar. It just means that in the currently open presentations there are no such charts. Extract files are a local copy of a subset or entire data that you can use to share data, work offline, and improve database performance. In the Extract Data dialog box, click the Extract button to extract all data from the data source. Help Academic Year Shouu Me Specialization Coll„ Degree Type Academic Year. I usually use a couple of worksheets for kinetic data analysis etc. Combine Data Sources. Exporting all your Excel worksheets has become too slow and cumbersome, eating up precious company time. The "Vizioneer" comes from mashing two words that have shaped my world for most of my adult life - Engineer and [data] Visualizations (or Vizes to those who know what's up). tde file extension. This topic describes how to publish a data source to Tableau Server. However, by switching which data source is primary, or by filtering nulls, it is possible to emulate left, right and inner joins. Under List values, type All in the first text box, and then type the name of each sheet in the workbook in the subsequent text boxes. Select the data source on the Data menu and then select Publish to Server: 2. When you add new records to the pivot table’s source data, then refresh the pivot table, you expect to see all the new data. Centralized Data - Since tableau follows a centralized data concept hence we can customize tableau dashboard to view all data in a centralized form. In this example, I demonstrate what happens when the data source changes. Tableau Online. Learn how to replace or edit data connections and update your viz to the new data source. js; Tableau Desktop 10. Tableau Does Any Data: All data is created equal in this software.